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一种电动机再起动方法在石化企业中的应用

文章出处:《方案设计》责任编辑:查看手机网址
扫一扫!一种电动机再起动方法在石化企业中的应用扫一扫!
人气:-发表时间:2018-02-26 10:40【

XIANYOUDECAIYONGPLCWEIHEXINDEZAIQIDONGJUCHENGBENGAO、JIEXIANFUZA, DANJIZAIQIDONGJIDIANQIJINKAOYILAIDIANDONGJISUOZAIMUXIANDIANYAJIJIECHUQIFUZHUCHUDIANWEIZHILAIPANBIESHIDIAN,QIEXUYAOFUZHUDIANYUAN,ZAIQIDONGSHIBAIJILVJIAOGAO。BENWENGAOJIGONGCHENGSHISHIYONGJIESHAOLEYIZHONGZAIDIANDONGJIBAOHUZHUANGZHIZHONGSHIXIANDEDIANDONGJI(QUN) SHIDIANZAIQIDONGFANGFA,NENGGOUKEKAOQUFENHUANGDIANHEZHENGCHANGTINGJIQINGKUANG,LUOJIYANJIN,DINGZHISHEDINGLINGHUO,ZHICHIDUOZHONGKONGZHIFANGSHIDEDIANDONGJIZAIQIDONG, QIEWUXUZENGJIAJIEXIANJICHENGBEN。GAIFANGFAYIYINGYONGZAISHIHUAQIYEZHONG,BINGZAIDUOCIHUANGDIANGUOCHENGZHONGJUNNENGZHENGQUEDONGZUO。

石勇/高级工程师

0 引言

腾讯欢乐十三张ZAIQIDONGSHIZHIHUANGDIANGUOCHENGZHONG,YINDIANYASHUNSHIDIELUOYINQIDIANDONGJIKAIGUANTIAOZHAERSHUAIFUHE, ZAIDIANYAHUIFUZHENGCHANGHOU,DIANDONGJIANZHAOYUSHEHAODESHUNXUSHIJIANZIDONGFENPIQIDONGDEGUOCHENG。

SHIHUAXINGYESHUYULIANXUXINGSHENGCHANQIYE, QIDIYACHANGYONGDIANXITONGZHONGDEXUDUODIANDONGJIZAIGONGYILIUCHENGSHANGSHIBUYUNXUTIAOZHATINGJIDE,CIBUFENGUANJIANDIANDONGJIYIDANTIAOZHATINGJI,JIANGHUIZAOCHENGFEIJIHUATINGYUN, JISHENGCHANDAILAIHENDADEJINGJISUNSHI。DANSHIZAISHIJIYUNXINGZHONGYOUHENDUOBUQUEDINGYINSU(RULEIJI、SHEBEIGUZHANGDENG),HENRONGYIDUIDIANWANGCHANSHENGYINGXIANG,SHIQIYENEIBUPEIDIANWANGGONGDIANDIANYUANDIANYAJIANGDIHUODUANSHIZHONGDUANHOUYOUHUIFUGONGDIAN(TONGCHANGCHENGWEIHUANGDIAN),ZAOCHENGDIYADIANDONGJITIAOZHATINGJI,CHUYUQIYENEIBUDIANWANGDEDIANDONGJIYEHENRONGYISHOUCIYINGXIANGDAOZHISHENGCHANTINGDUN,CONGERZAOCHENGHENDASUNSHI。

MUQIANCHANGYONGDEZAIQIDONGFANGFASHICAIYONGZHUANYONGDEZIQIDONGJUHUODANJIZAIQIDONGJIDIANQI。ZIQIDONGJUYINGJIANCHENGBENGAO,JIEXIANFUZA。DANJIZAIQIDONGJIDIANQICHENGBENSHAOWEIJIANGDI,DANSHIXUYAOZENGJIAJIEXIAN,QIEZAIQIDONGSHIBAIJILVYEJIAOGAO,HAIHUIZAIZHENGCHANGTINGCHEHOUFASHENGWUQIDONG。

腾讯欢乐十三张PCS-9692JIPCS-9626WEIJIKEBIANCHENGDIANDONGJIBAOHUZHUANGZHIJIEHESHIHUAQIYEDIANDONGJIYUNXINGTEDIAN,TIGONGLEYIZHONGKEKAO、JINGJIDEDIANDONGJI(QUN)ZAIQIDONGFANGFA。

1 失电再起动逻辑

BENWENMIAOSHUDEZAIQIDONGLUOJIJIEJIANLEGAOYAXIANLUBAOHUZHONGZIDONGZHONGHEZHAYUANLI,ZAIQIDONGLUOJIYANJIN。QUANSHUZIHUAZAIQIDONGGUOCHENGDINGZHISHEDINGLINGHUO, ZHICHIDUOZHONGKONGZHIFANGSHIDEDIANDONGJIZAIQIDONG(RUZHIJIEQIDONG、ZHENGFANQIDONGHEGAODISUDIANDONGJIQIDONGDENG),ZHUANGZHIDEKAIRUKAICHUKEZUTAI,LUOJIDOUZAIRUANJIANLISHIXIAN,SHIXIANCHANGJIEXIANFEICHANGJIANDAN。MONILIANGCAIYANGYONG24DIANQUANBOFULIYESUANFA,ZHUNQUEDUGAO。ZHUANGZHICAIYONGGAOXINGNENG32WEICPU,MEIGECAIYANGJIANGE0.833 msSHISHIJISUAN,FANYINGSUDUDADAKUAIYUCHUANTONGDEZHONGQIDONGZHUANGZHIHEPLC。

1.1 失电再起动逻辑

腾讯欢乐十三张ZAIDIANDONGJI(QUN)JINGZHIZHUANGTAIXIASHANGDIANQIDONGHUIDUIDIANWANGZAOCHENGCHONGJI,LADIMUXIANDIANYA, ZAOCHENGDIDIANYABAOHUTIAOZHAHUOYINDIANYATAIDISHAOHUAIDIANDONGJI。ZHENGCHANGYUNXINGDEDIANDONGJISHIDIANHOU,YOUYUGUANXINGHAIHUIJIXUXUANZHUANYIDUANSHIJIAN。XUANZHUANZHONGDEDIANDONGJIQIDONGDIANLIUJIAOXIAO,BUHUIJIANGDIANYALADITAIDUO,YINCIHUIFUGONGDIANHOUKEYILIJIQIDONGDIANDONGJI。WANQUANTINGZHIDEDIANDONGJIZAIQIDONGXUYAOGENJUCHANGYONGDIANDEFUHEJINXINGFENPIZAIQIDONG,RUCHANGYONGDIANYUNXUTONGSHIQIDONG10TAIDIANDONGJI,JIUMEICI10TAIFENPIJINXINGZAIQIDONG。

腾讯欢乐十三张WANZHENGDESHIDIANZAIQIDONGLUOJIFENWEIZAIQIDONGCHONGDIAN(ZHUNBEIHAO)LUOJI、ZAIQIDONGFANGDIANLUOJIHEZAIQIDONGDONGZUOLUOJI。SHIDIANZAIQIDONGZHIYOUCHONGDIANWANCHENGHOUCAINENGDONGZUO,QILUOJIRUTU1SUOSHI。

图1 失电再起动逻辑

DANGYIBANJIAOLIUJIDIANQIDIANYADIYUXIANQUANEDINGDIANYADE50%,SHIJIANCHAOGUO1GEZHOUQISHI,JIECHUQISHIFANG;DANGDIANYADIYU80%SHENZHIGENGGAO,CHIXU5GEZHOUQISHI,JIECHUQIYESHIFANG。ZAIQIDONGCHONGDIANTIAOJIAN:①ZAIQIDONGKONGZHIZITOURU;②DIANLIUDAYU10%EDINGDIANLIU;③MUXIANDIANYADAYUZHONGQIDONGDIANYADINGZHI;④JIECHUQIZAIHEWEI。YISHANGTIAOJIANDOUMANZUSHISHUOMINGDIANDONGJIZAIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGZHUANGTAI,JINGGUOYIDINGYANSHIHOUZAIQIDONGCHONGDIANWANCHENG。MIANBANSHANGDINGYIWEI“ZAIQIDONGCHONGDIAN”DELED DENGDIANLIANG。

ZAIQIDONGFANGDIANTIAOJIAN:①BAOHUDONGZUODIANDONGJITIAOZHA;②YOUTIAOZHAZHILINGKAIRU。YISHANGRENYITIAOJIANMANZUSHISHUOMINGDIANDONGJIYINWEIYOUTINGJIZHILINGHUONEIBUGUZHANGBEITINGJI,BUYINGGAIZAIQIDONG,ZAIQIDONGFANGDIAN。MIANBANSHANGDINGYIWEI“ZAIQIDONGCHONGDIAN”DELEDDENGXIMIE。

腾讯欢乐十三张ZAIQIDONGDONGZUO(KAISHIJISHI)TIAOJIAN:①DIANLIUXIAOYU10%EDINGDIANLIU;②MUXIANDIANYADIYU50%;③JIECHUQIZAIFENWEI。CAIYONGDIANYAHEDIANLIULIANGGEPANJUNENGGOUKEKAOQUFENSHIZHENGCHANGFENZHAHAISHIHUANGDIAN、DIANYADIELUODENGYINQIDETIAOZHA。

DANGZAIQIDONGCHONGDIANWANCHENGHOU,QIEMANZUZAIQIDONGDONGZUOTIAOJIANSHI,YINWEIHUANGDIANHUOSHIDIANERDAOZHIJIECHUQIDUANKAIDIANDONGJITIAOZHA,CISHISHIDIANJISHIQIKAISHIJISHILEIJISHIDIANSHIJIAN。DANGDIANYAHUIFUDAOZHONGQIDONGDIANYAZHENGDINGZHIYISHANGSHI,RUOSHIDIANJISHIQISHIJIANXIAOYU“LIJIZHONGQIDONGSHIJIAN”DINGZHI,ZELIJIZHONGQIDONGDIANDONGJI;RUOSHIDIANJISHIQISHIJIANDAYU“LIJIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIAN”DINGZHI,DANXIAOYU“YANSHIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIAN”DINGZHI,ZEAN“ZHONGQIDONGYANSHIDINGZHI”YANSHIQIDONGDIANDONGJI;RUSHIDIANJISHIQISHIJIANCHAOGUO“YANSHIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIAN”DINGZHISHIDIANYAWEIHUIFU,ZEDIANDONGJIQINGCHUXIANGGUANXINXI,BUZAIZHONGQIDONG。

腾讯欢乐十三张ZHUANGZHIDESHIDIANZHONGQIDONGKEYUSHIDIANYABAOHUPEIHE,DANGSHIDIANSHIJIANCHAOGUO“YANSHIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIAN”DINGZHISHI,YOUSHIDIANYABAOHUCHUKOUQUQIDONGLINGYITAIBEIYONGDIANDONGJI。

1.2 电动机群分批再起动的实现

WEILEBIMIANZAIQIDONGGUOCHENGZHONGHUIYINWEISHULIANGJIAODUODEDIANDONGJITONGSHIQIDONGSHIXITONGDIANYAJIANGDI,DIDIANYABAOHUTIAOZHADAOZHIZIQIDONGSHIBAI,KEYITONGGUOSHEDINGBUTONGDE“ZHONGQIDONGYANSHIDINGZHI”LAISHIXIANDIANDONGJI(QUN)FENPIZAIQIDONG。

JIANGDIANDONGJIANZHONGYAOXINGJIFUHEXINGZHIDENGTIAOJIANPAIHAOZAIQIDONGDESHUNXU,GENJUDIANDONGJIZAIQIDONGZUIDADIANLIUJIMUXIANHUIFUDIANYAJISUANCHUDIYIPIYINGZAIQIDONGDIANDONGJIDERONGLIANGJITAISHU,GONGPEIDIANXITONGDIANYAHUIFUHOU,LIJIQIDONGDIYIPIDIANDONGJI。RANHOUGENJUDIYIPIDIANDONGJIDEQIDONGSHIJIANJIQIDONGDIANLIUSHUAIJIANJISUANDIYIPIZAIQIDONGHOUDIANDONGJI(QUN)DEMUXIANDIANYAJIMUXIANZONGDIANLIU,GENJUJIEGUOJISUANCHUXIAYIPIYINGZAIQIDONGDEDIANDONGJIDERONGLIANG(TAISHU)JIQIDONGYANSHI, YICILEITUI,ZHIZHIJISUANCHUQUANBUDIANDONGJIZAIQIDONGYANSHI。

腾讯欢乐十三张DIANYAYUDIANLIUJISUANSHIDIANDONGJI(QUN)FENPIZAIQIDONGSHIMUQIANZUIHELIDEZAIQIDONGFANGFA。

1.3 储能元件

SHIHUAQIYEYINWEIDIANDONGJIFENBUBIJIAOFENSAN,YOUDECHANGHEMEIYOUWEIZAIQIDONGZHUANGZHITIGONGZHUANYONGDEDIANYUAN,ERSHIHEDIANDONGJIGONGYONGTONGYILUDIANYUAN,DANGZAIQIDONGZHUANGZHIHEDIANDONGJITONGSHISHIDIANSHI,WEILEBAOZHENGZAIQIDONGGONGNENGDEZHIXING,YIBANZHUANGZHIXUYAOWAISHEUPS、XUDIANCHIHUONEIBUDEDIANCHILAIWEIZHUANGZHIGONGDIAN。WAIBUDEFUZHUDIANYUANZENGJIALETOUZIHEANZHUANGDEGONGZUOLIANG。NEIBUDEDIANCHIYIBANSHOUMINGWEI1~2NIANQIERONGYILOUYEDAOZHIZHUANGZHINEIBUDIANLUSUNHUAI,YINCIXUYAODINGQIJIANCHAGENGHUAN。

腾讯欢乐十三张PCS-9692WEIJIDIANDONGJIBAOHUZHUANGZHIZAISHIDIANSHI,

CPUJISHIZHONGXINPIANYOUNEIBUKECHONGDIANCHAOJIDIANRONGGONGDIAN,ZAIZHUANGZHISHIDIANQINGKUANGXIARENGKEZHUNQUELEIJISHIDIANSHIJIAN,BUBIWEIBAOHUQIZHUANGSHEZHUANYONGDEDIANYUAN。

腾讯欢乐十三张CHAOJIDIANRONGYUDIANCHIXIANGBITUCHUYOUDIANSHIGONGLVMIDUCHAOJIDIANRONGYUDIANCHIXIANGBITUCHUYOUDIANSHIGONGLVMIDUGAO、CHONGFANGDIANSHIJIANDUANYIJIGONGZUOWENDUFANWEIKUAN,TEBIESHIJUYOUCHAOZHANGSHOUMING,CHONGFANGDIANDAYU50WANCI,SHILi-IonDIANCHIDE500BEI,RUGUODUICHAOJIDIANRONGMEITIANCHONGFANGDIAN20CI,KELIANXUSHIYONGDA68NIANQIEMIANWEIHU。

2 再起动方法实现及动模测试

PCS-9692JIPCS-9626ZHUANGZHISHIWEIJIXINGDIANDONGJIBAOHUJICEKONGYITIHUAZHUANGZHI,ZHUANGZHILUOJIKEBIANCHENG,ZAIBAOHUZHUANGZHIZHONGSHIXIANSHIDIANZAIQIDONGGONGNENGWUXUGAIDONGHUILUHEZENGJIAWAIBUJIEXIAN。SHIDIANZAIQIDONGDONGTAIMONISHIYANJIEXIANRUTU2SUOSHI,BAOHUZHUANGZHIYUDIANDONGJICAIYONGTONGYILUDIANYUAN,YUXIANCHANGQINGKUANGYIZHI。DIANDONGJIQIDONGHOUKAOJIECHUQIKMFUZHUCHUDIANDIANLIUBAOCHI。ZHUANGZHICAIJIMUXIANSANXIANGDIANYA、DIANDONGJISANXIANGDIANLIUHEJIECHUQIKMWEIZHIXINHAO。ZHONGQIDONGCHUKOUWEIBO2DUANZI105-107。

图2 失电再起动试验接线

腾讯欢乐十三张ZHUANGZHIDESHIDIANZAIQIDONGDINGZHIDANRUBIAO1SUOSHI。DINGZHIZHENGDINGYUANZE:LIJIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIAN,ANZHAOSHIDIANHOUDIANDONGJIMEIYOUWANQUANTINGZHUANDESHIJIANZHENGDING,CISHILIJIZAIQIDONGBUHUIDUIDIANWANGZAOCHENGCHONGJI。YANSHIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIANGENJUSHENGCHANGONGYIXUQIULAIZHENGDING,RUOCHAOGUOYANSHIZHONGQIDONGSHIDIANSHIJIAN,ZAIQIDONGDIANDONGJIYIWUFAHUIFUSHENGCHAN,ZEWUXUZAIQIDONGDIANDONGJI。YANSHIZHONGQIDONGYANSHIDINGZHIGENJUDIANDONGJIQIDONGSHIJIANJIANGDIANDONGJIYANSHIFENPIQIDONG。RUDIANDONGJIQIDONGSHIJIANWEI2 s,KEYIJIANGDIYIPIDIANDONGJILIJIZAIQIDONG,DIERPIDIANDONGJIQIDONGYANSHISHEWEI2 s,DISANPISHEWEI4 s,YICILEITUIZHIZHIQUANBUQIDONGWANCHENG。

表1 失电再起动定值

2.1 立即再起动试验

DIANDONGJIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGHOU,SHIDIANZAIQIDONGCHONGDIANWANCHENG,CHONGDIANDENGLIANG。ZHUANGZHIHEDIANDONGJITONGSHIDUANDIAN,DUANDIANDAYUE30 msHOUJIECHUQISHIFANG,DUANDIANSHIJIAN0.5 s,YINDUANDIANSHIJIANXIAOYULIJIZHONGQIDONGDINGZHI0.8 s,BAOHUZHUANGZHIZAIDIANYAHUIFUZHENGCHANGHOULIJIQIDONGDIANDONGJI。YOUYINJIECHUQIDONGZUOSHIJIANYOUYANSHI,SHIJIZAIDIANYAHUIFU50 msHOUDIANDONGJIQIDONG。SHIYANBOXINGRUTU3SUOSHI。

图3 立即再起动过程波形

2.2 延时再起动试验

腾讯欢乐十三张DIANDONGJIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGHOU,SHIDIANZAIQIDONGCHONGDIANWANCHENG,CHONGDIANDENGLIANG。ZHUANGZHIHEDIANDONGJITONGSHIDUANDIAN,DUANDIAN1 sHOUDIANYAHUIFUZHENGCHANG,YINDUANDIANSHIJIANDAYULIJIZHONGQIDONGDINGZHI0.8 s,XIAOYUYANSHIZHONGQIDONGDINGZHI5 s,GUBAOHUZHUANGZHIYANSHI0.5 sQIDONGDIANDONGJI。SHIYANBOXINGRUTU4SUOSHI。

图4 延时再起动过程波形

SHIDIANZAIQIDONGCHONGDIANWANCHENG,CHONGDIANDENGLIANG。ZHUANGZHIHEDIANDONGJITONGSHIDUANDIAN,DUANDIAN6 sHOUDIANYAHUIFUZHENGCHANG,DAYUYANSHIZHONGQIDONGDINGZHI5 s,KONGZHIQIJIANGBUZAIZHONGQIDIANDONGJI,TONGSHIZAIQIDONGFANGDIAN。

BENCIDONGTAIMONISHIYANJIEGUORUBIAO2 SUOSHI, JUNZHENGQUEDONGZUO。

表2 失电再起动测试结果

3 结束语

腾讯欢乐十三张BENWENJIESHAOLEYIZHONGZAIWEIJIKEBIANCHENGDIANDONGJIBAOHUZHUANGZHISHANGSHIXIANDIANDONGJIQUNSHIDIANZAIQIDONGDEFANGFA,GAIFANGFAJUYOULUOJIKEKAO、WUXUGAIDONGJIEXIANHEZENGJIASHEBEIDETEDIAN。MUQIANGAIFANGFAYIHUODEFAMINGZHUANLI,SHIYONGGAIFANGFADEDIANDONGJIBAOHUZHUANGZHIZI2008 NIANYILAIZAIANQINGSHIHUA、YANGZISHIHUA、JINLINGSHIHUA、FUJIANLIANHUAHEHUIZHOULIANYOUCHANGDENGSHIHUAQIYEYOUSHANGWANTAIYEJI,ZAIHUANGDIANGUOCHENGZHONGDUOCIZHENGQUEDONGZUO, DADAJIANSHAOQIYEYINHUANGDIANZAOCHENGSHENGCHANYUNXINGZHUANGZHIDETINGCHEXIANXIANG,JIANSHAOHUANGDIANSUOCHANSHENGDESUNSHI,BIMIANYINHUANGDIANCHANSHENGDEANQUANSHIGU,TIGAOLEJINGJIXIAOYI。


本文来源于《方案设计》。

作者:石 勇 魏 巍 侯 炜 刘永生

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