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电机振动异常的十个原因及解决办法

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扫一扫!电机振动异常的十个原因及解决办法扫一扫!
人气:-发表时间:2017-07-17 17:18【

电动机振动的十个原因

腾讯欢乐十三张1.ZHUANZI、OUHEQI、LIANZHOUQI、CHUANDONGLUN(ZHIDONGLUN)BUPINGHENGYINQIDE。

2.TIEXINZHIJIASONGDONG,XIEJIAN、XIAODINGSHIXIAOSONGDONG,ZHUANZIBANGZHABUJINDOUHUIZAOCHENGZHUANDONGBUFENBUPINGHENG。

腾讯欢乐十三张3.LIANDONGBUFENZHOUXIBUDUIZHONG,ZHONGXINXIANBUZHONGHE,DINGXINBUZHENGQUE。ZHEIZHONGGUZHANGCHANSHENGDEYUANYINZHUYAOSHIANZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIZHONGBULIANG、ANZHUANGBUDANGZAOCHENGDE。

腾讯欢乐十三张4.LIANDONGBUFENZHONGXINXIANZAILENGTAISHISHIZHONGHEYIZHIDE,DANYUNXINGYIDUANSHIJIANHOUYOUYUZHUANZIZHIDIAN,JICHUDENGBIANXING,ZHONGXINXIANYOUBEIPOHUAI,YINERCHANSHENGZHENDONG。

腾讯欢乐十三张5.YUDIANJIXIANGLIANDECHILUN、LIANZHOUQIYOUGUZHANG,CHILUNYAOHEBULIANG,LUNCHIMOSUNYANZHONG,DUILUNRUNHUABULIANG,LIANZHOUQIWAIXIE、CUOWEI,CHISHILIANZHOUQICHIXING、CHIJUBUDUI、JIANXIGUODAHUOMOSUNYANZHONG,DOUHUIZAOCHENGYIDINGDEZHENDONG。

腾讯欢乐十三张6.DIANJIBENSHENJIEGOUDEQUEXIAN,ZHOUJINGTUOYUAN,ZHUANZHOUWANQU,ZHOUYUZHOUWAJIANJIANXIGUODAHUOGUOXIAO,ZHOUCHENGZUO、JICHUBAN、DIJIDEMOUBUFENNAIZHIZHENGGEDIANJIANZHUANGJICHUDEGANGDUBUGOU。

腾讯欢乐十三张7.ANZHUANGDEWENTI,DIANJIYUJICHUBANZHIJIANGUDINGBULAO,DIJIAOLUOSHUANSONGDONG,ZHOUCHENGZUOYUJICHUBANZHIJIANSONGDONGDENG。

8.ZHOUYUZHOUWAJIANJIANXIGUODAHUOGUOXIAOBUJINKEYIZAOCHENGZHENDONGHAIKESHIZHOUWADERUNHUAHEWENDUCHANSHENGYICHANG。

腾讯欢乐十三张9.DIANJITUODONGDEFUZAICHUANDAOZHENDONG,BIRUSHUODIANJITUODONGDEFENGJI、SHUIBENGZHENDONG,YINQIDIANJIZHENDONG。

10.JIAOLIUDIANJIDINGZIJIEXIANCUOWU、RAOXIANXINGYIBUDIANDONGJIZHUANZIRAOZUDUANLU,TONGBUDIANJILIRAOZUZAJIANDUANLU,TONGBUDIANJILICIXIANQUANLIANJIECUOWU,LONGXINGYIBUDIANDONGJIZHUANZIDUANTIAO,ZHUANZITIEXINBIANXINGZAOCHENGDING、ZHUANZIQIXIBUJUN,DAOZHIQIXICITONGBUPINGHENGCONGERZAOCHENGZHENDONG。

电动机振动的危害

DIANDONGJICHANSHENGZHENDONG,HUISHIRAOZUJUEYUANHEZHOUCHENGSHOUMINGSUODUAN,YINGXIANGHUADONGZHOUCHENGDEZHENGCHANGRUNHUA,ZHENDONGLICUSHIJUEYUANFENGXIKUODA,SHIWAIJIEFENCHENHESHUIFENRUQINQIZHONG,ZAOCHENGJUEYUANDIANZUJIANGDIHEXIELUDIANLIUZENGDA,SHENZHIXINGCHENGJUEYUANJICHUANDENGSHIGU。LINGWAI,DIANDONGJICHANSHENGZHENDONG,YOURONGYISHILENGQUEQISHUIGUANZHENLIE,HANJIEDIANZHENKAI,TONGSHIHUIZAOCHENGFUZAIJIXIEDESUNSHANG,JIANGDIGONGJIANJINGDU,HUIZAOCHENGSUOYOUZAODAOZHENDONGDEJIXIEBUFENDEPILAO,HUISHIDIJIAOLUOSISONGDONGHUODUANDIAO,DIANDONGJIYOUHUIZAOCHENGTANSHUAHEHUAHUANDEYICHANGMOSUN,SHENZHIHUICHUXIANYANZHONGSHUAHUOERSHAOHUIJIDIANHUANJUEYUAN,DIANDONGJIJIANGCHANSHENGHENDAZAOYIN,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGYIBANZAIZHILIUDIANJIZHONGYESHIYOUFASHENG。

振动原因及典型案例

ZHENDONGYUANYINZHUYAOYOUSANZHONGQINGKUANG:DIANCIFANGMIANYUANYIN;JIXIEFANGMIANYUANYIN;JIDIANHUNHEFANGMIANYUANYIN。

1、DIANCIFANGMIANDEYUANYIN

(1)DIANYUANFANGMIAN:SANXIANGDIANYABUPINGHENG,SANXIANGDIANDONGJIQUEXIANGYUNXING。

腾讯欢乐十三张(2)DINGZIFANGMIAN:DINGZITIEXINBIANTUOYUAN、PIANXIN、SONGDONG;DINGZIRAOZUFASHENGDUANXIAN、JIEDIJICHUAN、ZAJIANDUANLU、JIEXIANCUOWU,DINGZISANXIANGDIANLIUBUPINGHENG。

JULI:GUOLUFANGMIFENGFENGJIDIANJIJIANXIUQIANFAXIANDINGZITIEXINYOUHONGSEFENMO,HUAIYIDINGZITIEXINYOUSONGDONGXIANXIANG,DANBUSHUYUBIAOZHUNDAXIUFANWEINEIDEXIANGMU,SUOYIWEICHULI,DAXIUHOUSHIZHUANSHIDIANJIFASHENGCIERDEJIANJIAOSHENG,GENGHUANYITAIDINGZIHOUGUZHANGPAICHU。

(3)ZHUANZIGUZHANG:ZHUANZITIEXINBIANTUOYUAN、PIANXIN、SONGDONG。ZHUANZILONGTIAOYUDUANHUANKAIHAN,ZHUANZILONGTIAODUANLIE,RAOXIANCUOWU,DIANSHUAJIECHUBULIANGDENG。

腾讯欢乐十三张JULI:GUIZHENGONGDUANWUCHIJUDIANJIYUNXINGZHONGFAXIANDIANJIDINGZIDIANLIULAIHUIBAIDONG,DIANJIZHENDONGZHUJIANZENGDA,GENJUXIANXIANGPANDUANDIANJIZHUANZILONGTIAOYOUKAIHANHEDUANLIEDEKENENG,DIANJIJIETIHOUFAXIAN,ZHUANZILONGTIAOYOU7CHUDUANLIE,YANZHONGDE2GENLIANGCEYUDUANHUANYIQUANBUDUANLIE,RUFAXIANBUJISHIJIUYOUKENENGZAOCHENGDINGZISHAOSUNDEELIESHIGUFASHENG。

2、JIXIEYUANYIN

(1)DIANJIBENSHENFANGMIAN:

ZHUANZIBUPINGHENG,ZHUANZHOUWANQU,HUAHUANBIANXING,DING、ZHUANZIQIXIBUJUN,DING、ZHUANZICILIZHONGXINBUYIZHI,ZHOUCHENGGUZHANG,JICHUANZHUANGBULIANG,JIXIEJIGOUQIANGDUBUGOU、GONGZHEN,DIJIAOLUOSISONGDONG,DIANJIFENGSHANSUNHUAI。

DIANXINGANLI:CHANGNINGJIESHUIBENGDIANJIGENGHUANWANSHANGZHOUCHENGHOU,DIANJIHUANGDONGZENGDA,BINGQIEZHUAN、DINGZIYOUQINGWEISAOTANGJIXIANG,ZIXIJIANCHAHOUFAXIAN,DIANJIZHUANZITIQIGAODUBUDUI,ZHUAN、DINGZICILIZHONGXINWEIDUISHANG,ZHONGXINDIAOZHENGTUILITOULUOSIBEIMAOHOU,DIANJIZHENDONGGUZHANGXIAOCHU。KUAXIANDIAOQUANYANGDIANJIJIANXIUHOUZHENDONGYIZHIPIANDA,BINGQIEYOUZHUBUZENGDADEJIXIANG,ZAIDIANJILUOGOUDESHIHOUFAXIANDIANJIZHENDONGRENGRANHENDA,BINGQIEZHOUXIANGYOUHENDADECHUANDONG,JIETIFAXIAN,ZHUANZITIEXINSONGDONG,ZHUANZIPINGHENGYEYOUWENTI,GENGHUANBEIYONGZHUANZIHOUGUZHANGXIAOCHU,YUANYOUZHUANZIFANCHANGXIULI。

腾讯欢乐十三张(2)YULIANZHOUQIPEIHEFANGMIAN:LIANZHOUQISUNHUAI,LIANZHOUQILIANJIEBULIANG,LIANZHOUQIZHAOZHONGXINBUZHUN,FUZAIJIXIEBUPINGHENG,XITONGGONGZHENDENG。

LIANDONGBUFENZHOUXIBUDUIZHONG,ZHONGXINXIANBUZHONGHE,DINGXINBUZHENGQUE。ZHEIZHONGGUZHANGCHANSHENGDEYUANYINZHUYAOSHIANZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIZHONGBULIANG、ANZHUANGBUDANGZAOCHENGDE。HAIYOUYIZHONGQINGKUANG,JIUSHIYOUDELIANDONGBUFENZHONGXINXIANZAILENGTAISHISHIZHONGHEYIZHIDE,DANYUNXINGYIDUANSHIJIANHOUYOUYUZHUANZIZHIDIAN,JICHUDENGBIANXING,ZHONGXINXIANYOUBEIPOHUAI,YINERCHANSHENGZHENDONG。

a、XUNHUANSHUIBENGDIANJI,YUNXINGZHONGZHENDONGYIZHIPIANDA,DIANJIJIANCHAWURENHEWENTI,KONGZAIYEYIQIEZHENGCHANG,SHUIBENGBANRENWEIDIANJIYUNZHUANZHENGCHANG,ZUIZHONGJIANCHACHUDIANJIZHAOZHENGZHONGXINCHATAIDUO,SHUIBENGBANCONGXINJINXINGZHAOZHENGHOU,DIANJIZHENDONGXIAOCHU。

b、GUOLUFANGYINFENGJIZAIGENGHUANPIDAILUNHOU,DIANJISHIYUNXINGSHICHANSHENGZHENDONGTONGSHIDIANJISANXIANGDIANLIUZENGDA,JIANCHASUOYOUDIANLUHEDIANQIYUANJIANMEIYOUWENTIZUIHOUFAXIANPIDAILUNBUHEGE,GENGHUANHOUDIANJIZHENDONGXIAOCHU,TONGSHIDIANJIDESANXIANGDIANLIUYEHUIFUZHENGCHANG。

3、DIANJIHUNHEYUANYIN

腾讯欢乐十三张(1)DIANJIZHENDONGWANGWANGSHIQIXIBUYUN,YINQIDANBIANDIANCILALI,ERDANBIANDIANCILALIYOUSHIQIXIJINYIBUZENGDA,ZHEIZHONGJIDIANHUNHEZUOYONGBIAOXIANWEIDIANJIZHENDONG。

(2)电机轴向串动,由于转子本身重力或安装水平以及磁力中心不对,引起的电磁拉力,造成电机轴向串动,引起电机振动加大,严重情况下发生轴磨瓦根,使轴瓦温度迅速升高。

腾讯欢乐十三张(3)YUDIANJIXIANGLIANDECHILUN、LIANZHOUQIYOUMAOBING。ZHEIZHONGGUZHANGZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEICHILUNYAOHEBULIANG,LUNCHIMOSUNYANZHONG,DUILUNRUNHUABULIANG,LIANZHOUQIWAIXIE、CUOWEI,CHISHILIANZHOUQICHIXING、CHIJUBUDUI、JIANXIGUODAHUOMOSUNYANZHONG,DOUHUIZAOCHENGYIDINGDEZHENDONG。

(4)DIANJIBENSHENJIEGOUDEQUEXIANHEANZHUANGDEWENTI。ZHEIZHONGGUZHANGZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIZHOUJINGTUOYUAN,ZHUANZHOUWANQU,ZHOUYUZHOUWAJIANJIANXIGUODAHUOGUOXIAO,ZHOUCHENGZUO、JICHUBAN、DIJIDEMOUBUFENNAIZHIZHENGGEDIANJIANZHUANGJICHUDEGANGDUBUGOU,DIANJIYUJICHUBANZHIJIANGUDINGBULAO,DIJIAOLUOSHUANSONGDONG,ZHOUCHENGZUOYUJICHUBANZHIJIANSONGDONGDENG。ERZHOUYUZHOUWAJIANJIANXIGUODAHUOGUOXIAOBUJINKEYIZAOCHENGZHENDONGHAIKESHIZHOUWADERUNHUAHEWENDUCHANSHENGYICHANG。

腾讯欢乐十三张(5)DIANJITUODONGDEFUZAICHUANDAOZHENDONG。LIRU:QILUNFADIANJIDEQILUNJIZHENDONG,DIANJITUODONGDEFENGJI、SHUIBENGZHENDONG,YINQIDIANJIZHENDONG。

如何查找振动原因

腾讯欢乐十三张YAOXIANGXIAOCHUDIANDONGJIZHENDONG,SHOUXIANYAOCHAQINGCHANSHENGZHENDONGDEYUANYIN,ZHIYOUZHAODAOZHENDONGDEYUANYIN,CAINENGCAIQUYOUZHENDUIXINGDECUOSHI,XIAOCHUDIANDONGJIZHENDONG。

1、DIANDONGJIWEITINGJIZHIQIAN,YONGCEZHENBIAOJIANCHAGEBUZHENDONGQINGKUANG,DUIYUZHENDONGJIAODADEBUWEIANCHUIZHISHUIPINGZHOUXIANGSANGEFANGXIANGXIANGXICESHIZHENDONGSHUZHI,RUGUOSHIDIJIAOLUOSISONGDONGHUOZHOUCHENGDUANGAILUOSISONGDONG,ZEKEZHIJIEJINGU,JINGUHOUZAICEQIZHENDONGDAXIAO,GUANCHASHIFOUYOUXIAOCHUHUOJIANQING,QICIYAOJIANCHADIANYUANSANXIANGDIANYASHIFOUPINGHENG,SANXIANGRONGSISHIFOUYOUSHAODUANXIANXIANG,DIANDONGJIDEDANXIANGYUNXINGBUJINKEYIYINQIZHENDONG,HAIHUISHIDIANJIDEWENDUXUNSUSHANGSHENG,GUANCHADIANLIUBIAOZHIZHENSHIFOULAIHUIBAIDONG,ZHUANZIDUANTIAOSHIJIUCHUXIANDIANLIUBAIDONGXIANXIANG,ZUIHOUJIANCHADIANJISANXIANGDIANLIUSHIFOUPINGHENG,FAXIANWENTIJISHIYUYUNXINGRENYUANLIANXITINGZHIDIANJIYUNXING,YIMIANJIANGDIANJISHAOSUN。

腾讯欢乐十三张2、RUGUODUIBIAOMIANXIANXIANGCHULIHOU,DIANJIZHENDONGWEIJIEJUE,ZEJIXUDUANKAIDIANYUAN,JIEKAILIANZHOUQI,SHIDIANJIYUZHIXIANGLIANDEFUZAIJIXIEFENLI,DANZHUANDIANJI,RUGUODIANJIBENSHENBUZHENDONG,ZESHUOMINGZHENYUANSHILIANZHOUQIMEIZHAOZHENGHUOFUZAIJIXIEYINQIDE,RUGUODIANJIZHENDONG,ZESHUOMINGDIANJIBENSHENYOUWENTI,LINGWAIHAIKEYICAIQUDUANDIANFALAIQUFENSHIDIANQIYUANYIN,HAISHIJIXIEYUANYIN,DANGTINGDIANSHUNJIAN,DIANDONGJIMASHANGBUZHENDONGHUOZHENDONGJIANQING,ZESHUOMINGSHIDIANQIYUANYIN,FOUZESHIJIXIEGUZHANG。

针对故障原因进行检修

1、DIANQIYUANYINDEJIANXIU:

SHOUXIANSHICEDINGDINGZISANXIANGZHILIUDIANZUSHIFOUPINGHENG,RUBUPINGHENG,ZESHUOMINGDINGZILIANXIANHANJIEBUWEIYOUKAIHANXIANXIANG,DUANKAIRAOZUFENXIANGJINXINGCHAZHAO,LINGWAIRAOZUSHIFOUCUNZAIZAJIANDUANLUXIANXIANG,RUGUZHANGMINGXIANKEYICONGJUEYUANBIAOMIANKANDAOSHAOJIAOHENJI,HUOYONGYIQICELIANGDINGZIRAOZU,QUERENZAJIANDUANLUHOU,JIANGDIANJIRAOZUZHONGXINXIAXIAN。

LIRU:SHUIBENGDIANJI,YUNXINGZHONGDIANJIBUJINZHENDONGDAZHOUCHENGWENDUYEPIANGAOXIAOXIUSHIYANFAXIANDIANJIZHILIUDIANZUBUHEGE,DIANJIDINGZIRAOZUYOUKAIHANXIANXIANG,YONGPAICHUFAJIANGGUZHANGZHAODAOXIAOCHUHOU,DIANJIYUNXINGYIQIEZHENGCHANG。

2、JIXIEYUANYINDEJIANXIU:

JIANCHAQIXISHIFOUJUNYUN,RUGUOCELIANGZHICHAOBIAO,ZHONGXINDIAOZHENGQIXI。JIANCHAZHOUCHENG,CELIANGZHOUCHENGJIANXI,RUBUHEGEGENGHUANXINZHOUCHENG,JIANCHATIEXINBIANXINGHESONGDONGQINGKUANG,SONGDONGDETIEXINKEYONGHUANYANGSHUZHIJIAOZHANJIEGUANSHI,JIANCHAZHUANZHOU,DUIWANQUDEZHUANZHOUJINXINGBUHANZHONGXINJIAGONGHUOZHIJIEZHIZHOU,RANHOUDUIZHUANZIZUOPINGHENGSHIYAN。DAFENGJIDIANJIDAXIUHOUSHIYUNXINGQIJIAN,DIANJIBUJINZHENDONGDA,ERQIEZHOUWAWENDUCHAOBIAO,LIANXUCHULIJITIANHOU,GUZHANGRENGWEIJIEJUE。WOBANZURENYUANZAIBANGZHUCHULISHIFAXIAN,DIANJIQIXIFEICHANGDA,WAZUOSHUIPINGYEBUHEGE,GUZHANGYUANYINZHAODAOHOU,ZHONGXINDIAOZHENGGEBUJIANXIHOU,DIANJISHIZHUANYICICHENGGONG。

腾讯欢乐十三张3、FUZAIJIXIEBUFENJIANCHAZHENGCHANG:

腾讯欢乐十三张DIANJIBENSHENYEMEIYOUWENTI,YINQIGUZHANGDEYUANYINSHILIANJIEBUFENZAOCHENGDE,ZHEISHIYAOJIANCHADIANJIDEJICHUSHUIPINGMIAN,QINGXIEDU、QIANGDU,ZHONGXINZHAOZHENGSHIFOUZHENGQUE,LIANZHOUQISHIFOUSUNHUAI,DIANJIZHOUSHENRAODUSHIFOUFUHEYAOQIUDENG。


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